Ancient History Encyclopedia, 15 May 2018. Spartan women were treated somewhat differently than in other states, for example, they had to do physical training (nude) like men, were permitted to own land, and could drink wine. In certain periods such as war, helots were required to serve in the armed forces and, fighting well, they could even earn an escape from their lot and join the intermediary social groups which existed below the level of full-citizen and included such individuals as children with parents of mixed status (e.g. The middle class was made up of people that may not have been born in Athens but were working hard at their trade. The relationship between slaves and owners seems to have been much as in any other period of history with a mix of contempt, distrust, and abuse from the owners and contempt, theft, and sabotage from the enslaved. The second, was the higher-class prostitute (hetaira). Ancient Greece Social Structure Slaves Owned by wealthy people Cost was about 50-1,000 dollars Rich people will have 50 slaves Were bought from slave traders or captured in war Were rarely paid If they misbehaived they were beaten. Female citizens had few rights in comparison to male citizens. Although the male citizen had by far the best position in Greek society, there were different classes within this group. Possessing more money than everyone else, this class could provide themselves with armour, weapons, and a horse when on military campaign. Although the male citizen had by far the best position in Greek society, there were different classes within this group. https://study.com/academy/lesson/ancient-greece-social-class-system.html In matters of Social Groups, or a "status quo" Greece had one. Women, of course, were also present in the various other non-citizen classes. Ancient Greek Society. All rights reserved. : the most fertile and the closest to the protection offered by the city walls. Others from different locations could never aspire to fit in with this social group. While the training was strict, the experience paled in comparison to that of the students of Sparta. The people of this class possessed the uppermost power and position in the society. The society of ancient Greece was largely composed of the following groups: Demeter & Persephoneby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin (CC BY-NC-SA). Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Their children too could also become citizens. The way of life of the Athenians was more common in the Greek world than Sparta’s special system. Joseph M. Bryant's Moral Codes and Social Structure in Ancient Greece is one of the most informative books I have ever read. License. In Sparta, society was set up a little differently, as the focus was on soldiers and war. As city populations grew and inheritances became ever more divided amongst siblings, this secondary class grew significantly. For example, Poseidon was considered to be the god of the sea, while Demeter was the goddess of the harvest. The highest class was made up of people born in Athens. Married at the typical age of thirteen or fourteen, love had little to do with the matching of husband and wife. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Were rarely paid. There was a working class though. If a woman was left a widow, she was required to marry a close male relative in order to ensure property stayed within the family. The Greeks tried to control the gods through sacrifice, prayer, and living a good life.  For slaves there was, at least for some, a glimmer of hope to one day achieve their freedom. Women in … The upper class are the Athens, the middle class are the Metrics, the Lower class are the Freeman. Ancient Greek Social Structure In Greece, to be an upper class you are not supposed to have a job, and be a normal citizen. Athletics was also an essential element in a young person’s education. https://www.hierarchystructure.com/ancient-greece-hierarchy Submitted by Mark Cartwright, published on 15 May 2018 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. 15 and 40 % of the important political positions in the ancient Greeks owners! Had the slaves were simply amongst life ’ s reputation in society was damaged as a and! Place in Greek society included a significantly larger proportion of labourers than slaves about how many places can..., ancient Greece was largely composed of the social hierarchy have been a strained one, particularly in of! 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